Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus)


The Hedgehog is one of Britain’s most familiar wild mammals. Hedgehogs have a short tail, long legs and small ears; they tend to be brown in colour with dark eyes. The Hedgehog is a nocturnal animal and travels up to two kilometres in search of food. Hedgehogs are good swimmers and can run fairly quickly.  Hedgehogs hibernate in the winter in a nest made from leaves typically under sheds or log piles. They emerge from hibernation around Easter time when breeding occurs- between April and September.


Hedgehogs have a very broad diet and consist of berries, invertebrates, frogs, eggs, and even adder’s as they have a variable resistance to adder venom.

How to track/identify?

Hedgehogs are usually present in most rural gardens throughout the night; you can here then ruffling through bushes and under hedges.

Did you know?

  • Hedgehogs have around 5000 spines which last for around a year then get replaced.
  • They are named Hedgehogs due to its habit of moving through hedges and making a pig-like grunt.
  • Females give birth to four or five young per litter.

Reserves where they are present

Found throughout Wiltshire although their numbers are in decline.

Print out a copy of the Hedgehog Fact Sheet